Purchase of a firearm
The following steps must be followed prior to transferring a firearm:
1. The licensee must have the transferee complete and sign ATF Form 4473, Firearms Transaction Record.
2. The licensee must verify the identity of the transferee through a government–issued photo identification.
3. Unless an exception applies, the licensee must contact NICS through either the FBI or a State point of contact (POC). A licensee may not transfer a firearm unless the licensee receives a “proceed” response, or three business days have elapsed since the licensee contacted National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS), and the system has not notified the licensee that the receipt of a firearm by such other person would violate the law. Licensees contacting the FBI directly and receiving a “delayed” response will receive information from the FBI indicating when the 3 business day time period elapses. A licensee may not transfer a firearm where a “denied” response is issued by NICS. (Last Reviewed September 23, 2016)
What form of identification must a licensee obtain from a transferee of a firearm?
A combination of government issued documents may be used to meet the requirements of an identification document. For example, a passport which contains the name, date of birth, and photograph of the holder may be combined with a voter or vehicle registration card containing the residence address of the transferee in order to comply with the identification document requirements. A passport issued by a foreign government is also acceptable so long as it has all of the required information.